Physiotherapy management of Peripheral vascular disease ppt

Atenderse a tiempo podría evitar una Cirugía. Más de 30 Años de Experiencia. Costo Bajo. Envíos Gratis a Domicilio. Sea un Distribuidor Autorizado. Trátese Sin Cirugía Peripheral arterial disease 1. Dr Virbhan Balai 2. Atherosclerosis affects up to 10% of the Western population older than 65 years. It is estimated that 2% of the population aged 40-60 years and 6% of the population older than 70 years are affected with PAD (claudication). Most commonly manifests in men older than 50 years. PAD has no racial predilection Peripheral Arterial Disease . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads Beth Campos MSN RN. Instructor 2016. Beth Campos MSN RN Instructor April 2016. Identify specific anatomic and physiologic factors that affect the vascular system and tissue oxygenation Indicate appropriate parameters for assessing a patient with peripheral vascular disease, aneurysm, and aortic dissection Discuss tests and procedures used to diagnose selected vascular disorders and the nursing. The term peripheral artery disease (PAD) broadly encompass the vascular diseases caused primarily by atherosclerosis and thromboembolic pathophysiologic processes that alter the normal structure and function of the aorta, its visceral arterial branches, and the arteries of the lower extremity. PAD is the preferre

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The Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) EpiCast Report provides an overview of the risk factors, comorbidities, and global trends for PAD in the eight major markets (8MM) (US, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK, Japan, and Urban China) PVD 3 PVD: damage to or blockage of blood vessels distant from your heart—the peripheral arteries and veins. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD): affects only the arteries and not the veins. Many forms: blood clots (deep vein thrombosis or DVT), swelling (inflammation), or narrowing and blockage of the blood vessels) Diseases of the arteries may lead to- Arterial blockage (PAD); Aortic.

Peripheral Vascular Disease - Kerrville, Tx - Optimum Health

Aboyans V, Ricco JB, Bartelink MEL, et al. 2017 ESC guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of peripheral arterial diseases, in collaboration with the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS): document covering atherosclerotic disease of extracranial carotid and vertebral, mesenteric, renal, upper and lower extremity arteries Parmenter BJ, Dieberg G, Smart NA. Exercise training for management of peripheral arterial disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med 2015;45:231-44. Leng GC, Lee AJ, Fowkes FG, et al. Incidence, natural history and cardiovascular events in symptomatic and asymptomatic peripheral arterial disease in the general population Pathophysiology Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD-also known as Peripheral Vascular Disease or PVD) results from a progressive thickening of an arteries lining (caused by a buildup of plaque) which narrows or blocks blood flow, reducing circulation of the blood to a specific organ or region of the body.This process, atherosclerotic occlusive vascular disease or atherosclerosis, is often called. Peripheral vascular disease is narrowing of the vessels which supply oxygen rich blood to the peripheries due to blockage or obstruction. It most commonly affects the lower limbs. Peripheral vascular disease can significantly affect your ability to stand, walk or climb stairs. However, physiotherapy can help to increase the distance you are. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. It affects 10-15% of the general population, 1-4 and approximately 50% of PAD patients are asymptomatic; 2,3 leading to under-diagnosis and under-treatment of the disease. 5 The most common symptom of PAD is intermittent claudication (IC) affecting the calf muscles, which may be present in as few as 10% of.

Peripheral arterial disease - SlideShar

  1. categories, Arterial and Venous. Both types of vascular disease may impact all organ systems and affect function and quality of life. Peripheral Artery Disease (Peripheral Arterial Occlusive Disease) Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) most commonly occurs when atherosclerotic plaques produce localized stenosis of the arterial lumen
  2. Evidence-Based Principles to Guide Diagnosis and Treatment 2005 ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease 2007 Inter-Societal Consensus for the Management of PAD (TASC II) 2011 ACC/AHA Focused Updated Guidelines for Peripheral Arterial Disease
  3. gham Offspring.
  4. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is atherosclerosis leading to narrowing of the major arteries distal to the aortic arch. The most common presenting symptom is claudication; however, only 10% of patients have classic claudication. Approximately 8 to 12 million Americans have PAD, including 15% to 20% of adults older than 70 years
  5. Highlights. Peripheral artery disease is a disease of the lower extremity arteries associated with high cardiovascular mortality. Medical management of peripheral artery disease includes cholesterol reduction, antiplatelet therapy, anticoagulation, peripheral vasodilators, blood pressure control, exercise therapy, and smoking cessation, all of which have the capacity to reduce mortality.
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Peripheral Vascular Arterial Disease

Background: Little is known about the extent to which routine care management of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and intermittent claudication (IC) align with best practice recommendations on exercise therapy. We conducted a scoping review to examine the published literature on the availability and workings of exercise therapy in the routine management of patients with PAD and IC, and the. Treatment. Treatment for peripheral artery disease has two major goals: Manage symptoms, such as leg pain, so that you can resume physical activities. Stop the progression of atherosclerosis throughout your body to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke. You may be able to accomplish these goals with lifestyle changes, especially early in. Peripheral artery disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), peripheral artery occlusive disease, andperipheral obliterative arteriopathy, is a form of arteriosclerosis involving occlusion of arteries, most commonly in the lower extremities Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) symptoms and signs may include pain in the legs when walking that goes away when at rest and numbness in the legs. Risk factors and causes of PVD are having diseases and conditions like diabetes, high blood pressure, arteritis, and infection. Management and treatment guidelines are provided

MS2 Chapter 24 Peripheral Vascular Diseases Vein

It is also the major cause of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Although there is substantial evidence that aggressive treatment of hyperlipidemia improves the outcome of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), relatively little attention has been directed toward lipid control in patients with PAD Introduction. The global prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) increased significantly over the past decades; it affected approximately 202 million people worldwide in 2010 .PAD is found to be associated with poor quality of life, cardiovascular morbidity and mortality especially for patients with PAD and pan-vascular disease .The cardiovascular burden in patients with PAD highlights. Peripheral Arterial Diseases Antiplatelet Consensus Group (2003) Antiplatelet therapy in peripheral arterial disease: consensus statement. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 26: 1-16. 62. Gardner AW et al. Peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Procedures performed during acute admission for peripheral arterial disease in US from 1996 to 2005. Reprinted from Journal of Vascular Surgery, Vol 49(4), Rowe VL et al, Patterns of treatment for peripheral arterial disease in the United States: 1996-2005, Pages 910-7, Apr 2009, with permission from Elsevier

Envío gratis con Amazon Prime. Encuentra millones de producto Peripheral vascular disease physiotherapy management pdf Is there any correlation with blood pressure and vascular dementia? peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a common circulation disorder that occurs when arteries or narrow veins and limit blood flow. About 8.5 million people in the United States have this condition Hiatt WR. Medical treatment of peripheral arterial disease and claudication. N Engl J Med 2001;344(21):1608-21. PMID: 11372014. Norgren L, Hiatt WR, Dormandy JA, et al. Inter-Society Consensus for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II). Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2007;33 Suppl 1:S1-75. PMID: 17140820

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. Narrowing, blockage, or spasms in a blood vessel can cause PVD. PVD may affect any blood vessel outside of the heart including the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels. Organs supplied by these vessels, such as the brain, and legs, may not get enough blood flow. In Brief Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common atherosclerotic disease affecting the quality of life of > 8 million Americans. PAD is characterized by atherosclerotic stenoses of arteries that supply the lower extremities and is associated with a marked increase in the short-term risk of heart attack, stroke, amputation, and death. Adherence to pharmacological therapies and. Recommendations. 1.1 Information requirements. 1.2 Secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in people with peripheral arterial disease. 1.3 Diagnosis. 1.4 Imaging for revascularisation. 1.5 Management of intermittent claudication. 1.6 Management of critical limb ischaemia. Recommendations. People have the right to be involved in. Physical Therapy plays a pivotal role in management of Peripheral Vascular Disease. The highly trained physical therapists of Allegiance Home Health and Rehab will help you develop a personalized plan of care that incorporates a balance of exercise with rest that can assist with the improvement of blood flow in your extremities

ACC/AHA 2005 practice guidelines for the management of patients with peripheral arterial disease (lower extremity, renal, mesenteric, and abdominal aortic): a collaborative report from the American Association for Vascular Surgery/Society for Vascular Surgery, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, Society for Vascular. PAD is also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD), and we see the disorder most frequently in the legs of patients. The disease is very common in people over age 50; eight to 12 million people are diagnosed with PAD each year in the U.S The most common cause of peripheral arterial disease is atherosclerosis. Most patients are asymptomatic. Patients require aggressive risk factor control. Long-term patency of lower-extremity revascularization should be monitored with a surveillance program. First line of therapy for patient with. Treatment. There's no cure for peripheral arterial disease (PAD), but lifestyle changes and medicine can help reduce the symptoms. These treatments can also help reduce your risk of developing other types of cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as: Treatment is very important, because having PAD is a sign that your blood vessels are unhealthy Open ppt. The first-line management of renal vascular disease involves medical treatment for secondary prevention of atherosclerotic disease and optimisation of anti-hypertensive therapy. Although clinical trials for renal artery revascularisation continue to show no improvement over optimal medical therapy, these trials have been subject to.

PPT - Peripheral Arterial Disease PowerPoint presentation

Peripheral Vascular Disease PVD & Peripheral Arterial Disease PAD NCLEX Review Care Plans Nursing Study Guide for Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a medical condition that involves the narrowing of arteries, leading to a reduction in the blood flow to the limbs, usually the lower extremities Around 15-20% individuals over 70yrs have peripheral arterial disease. The Framingham study demonstrated an increase in the prevalence of the disease from 0.4 per 1000 males aged 35-45yrs to 6 per 1000 males aged >65yrs. In this article, we shall look at the clinical features, investigations and management of chronic limb ischaemia The ESC [3], AHA/ACC [4], and Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus Document on Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II) [5] have all declared that the evidence supporting exercise therapy in the treatment of claudication is sufficiently robust to merit a Level I recommendation

Peripheral arterial disease is one of the factors linked to diabetic foot ulcers in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, which stresses the importance of early treatment of this vascular disease. Multivariate studies are recommended in order to research its participation in the genesis of the ulcer Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the atherosclerosis of lower extremity arteries and is also associated with atherothrombosis of other vascular beds, including the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems. The presence of diabetes mellitus greatly. Peripheral vascular disease is the reduced circulation of blood to a body part other than the brain or heart. It is caused by a narrowed or blocked blood vessel. The main cause is atherosclerosis, which is the build-up of fatty deposits that narrow a blood vessel, usually an artery. The narrowed blood vessel reduces the circulation of blood to.

A review of the 2016 American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology guidelines for management and diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease Endovascular therapies for peripheral arterial disease: an evidence-based review. Circulation. 2007 Nov 6;116(19):2203-15. Norgren L, Hiatt WR, Dormandy JA, Nehler MR, Harris KA, Fowkes FG, Rutherford RB; TASC II Working Group. Inter-society consensus for the management of peripheral arterial disease. Int Angiol. 2007 Jun;26(2):81-157 Regensteiner JG, Hiatt WR. Medical management of peripheral arterial disease. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 1994;5(5):669-677. Saxton JM, Zwierska I, Blagojevic M, et al. Upper- versus lower-limb aerobic exercise training on health-related quality of life in patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. J Vasc Surg. 2011;53(5):1265-1273 Management. Scenario: Acute limb ischaemia: Covers the management and follow up of a person with an acutely ischaemic limb.; Scenario: Critical limb ischaemia: Covers the management of a person with peripheral arterial disease and critical limb ischaemia, including managing cardiovascular risk.; Scenario: Intermittent claudication: Covers the management of a person with peripheral arterial. Screening. The 2006 ACC/AHA Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease consider individuals in the following categories to be at risk for PAD: Age 70 yr and older, age 50 to 69 yr and a history of smoking and/or diabetes, age 40 to 49 and diabetes and at least one other risk factor for atherosclerosis, leg symptoms suggestive of claudication with exertion or.

Physical Therapy and Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a slowly progressive disease that occurs when plaque accumulates in the arterial system that carries blood to vital organs of the body. 1 The vessels most affected by PAD are the aorta, its visceral arterial branches and the arteries of the lower extremities. PAD affects approximately 8 million people in the United States and affects 20% of adults older. Sigvant B, Lundin F, Wahlberg E. The risk of disease progression in peripheral arterial disease is higher than expected: A meta-analysis of mortality and disease progression in peripheral arterial disease. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg 2016;51(3):395-403. doi: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2015.10.022. Search PubMe Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have decreased lower extremity arterial perfusion which is commonly referred to as poor circulation. In most cases of PAD, atherosclerotic plaques narrow the arterial flow lumen which restricts blood flow to the distal extremity. Reduced blood flow can cause thigh or calf pain with walking due to temporary ischemia of the leg muscles during. Beks PJ, Mackaay AJ, de Neeling JN, et al. Peripheral arterial disease in relation to glycaemic level in an elderly Caucasian population: the Hoorn study. Diabetologia 1995; 38:86. Escobar C, Blanes I, Ruiz A, et al. Prevalence and clinical profile and management of peripheral arterial disease in elderly patients with diabetes

Peripheral Arterial Disease - Physiopedi

Among a subgroup of individuals with peripheral arterial disease, there was also a significant reduction in vascular events (p<0.0001). In the leADeR study, 1,568 men with peripheral arterial disease were randomised to either bezafibrate 400 mg daily or placebo. 3 Treatment with bezafibrate had a beneficial effect on th ACC/AHA Practice Guidelines for the Management Management of Patients with PAD. View the guidelines by clicking here. P A D E x E R C I S E T R A I N I N G T O O L k I T : A G U I D E F O R H E A L T H C A R E P R O F E S S I O N A L S P A G E 5 DIffERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS Healthy Steps FOR PERIPHERAL ARTERy DISEASE CHAPTER Risk modification is fundamental to the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). Management should aggressively address the control of modifiable risk factors, including tobacco use, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. In addition, patients with PAOD should be screened for diabetes Peripheral Arterial Disease From a Community Pharmacy Perspective. ABSTRACT: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects 202 million people worldwide, including 8.5 million people in the United States. It is caused by atherosclerosis that leads to limited blood flow in the legs and other parts of the body. There are several treatment options.

Treatment for peripheral neuropathy may include treating any underlying cause or symptoms. Treatment may be more successful for certain underlying causes. For example, ensuring diabetes is well controlled may help improve neuropathy, or at least stop it getting worse Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), also called peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is a condition in which in which narrowed blood vessels outside the heart cannot deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to the body. If left untreated, PVD can cause chronic wounds on the limbs and increases the risk of heart attack or stroke Functional peripheral vascular disease is characterized by a decrease in the flow of blood as a reaction to a mechanism that causes the blood vessels to be inconsistent in size. Symptoms of peripheral vascular disease include peripheral claudication, leg cramps, reddish-blue legs or arms, leg hair loss, slow healing wounds, numbness in the toes. The term peripheral vascular disease is commonly used to refer to peripheral artery disease or peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Endovascular treatments are performed to treat PAD. They are simple and effective medical procedure and are inside the blood vessels. This treatment can be used to treat peripheral arterial disease or PAD. PAD occurs in arteries that carry blood to the arms [

Peripheral artery disease: A form of peripheral vascular disease in which there is partial or total blockage of an artery, usually one leading to a leg or arm. Leg artery disease and arm artery disease are somewhat different. Leg artery disease is usually due to atherosclerosis. Fatty deposits build up along artery walls and impair the blood. Reprinted from Journal of Vascular Surgery, Vol 49(4), Rowe VL et al, Patterns of treatment for peripheral arterial disease in the United States: 1996-2005, Pages 910-7, Apr 2009, with permission.

Peripheral Vascular Disease - Venous Disease — James River

Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease - AAF

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) of the lower extremities involves arteries in the legs that are blocked by atherosclerosis. PAD is a serious medical condition affecting 8.5 million Americans by age 40, and over 200 million people worldwide Edited by DR. KELLIE R. BROWN PAD is a chronic disease in which plaque builds up in the arteries to the legs. This buildup typically occurs gradually. If allowed to progress, blood flow in that artery can become limited or blocked all together. PAD is relatively common, affecting more than 10 million people in the U.S. It is more common in people who are 65 or older, but ca We included 118 articles for systematic review and analysis. The prevalence of peripheral artery disease increased consistently with age. At younger ages, prevalence was slightly higher in LMICs than HICs (4·32%, 95% CI 3·01-6·29, vs 3·54%, 1·17-10·24, at 40-44 years), but the increase with age was greater in HICs than LMICs, leading to a higher prevalence in HICs than LMICs at. JAMA Network Open. Research. November 30, 2018. This secondary analysis of the Examining Use of Ticagrelor in Peripheral Artery Disease (EUCLID) trial examines the risk of ischemic events in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and polyvascular disease (PAD with coronary artery disease [CAD] and/or cerebrovascular disease [CVD]) This guideline covers diagnosing and managing peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in people aged 18 and over. Rapid changes in diagnostic methods, endovascular treatments and vascular services associated with new specialties in surgery and interventional radiology have resulted in considerable uncertainty and variation in practice

CTA Runoff with Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) andsmoking causes gangrene Fumer provoque le cancer du poumonPeripheral Arterial Disease Treatment | Treatment for PAD

Occlusive Arterial Disease PowerPoint PPT Presentation

INTRODUCTION. Advancements in endovascular stent technology have addressed limitations associated with conventional percutaneous transluminal balloon angioplasty in patients with chronic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) of the lower limbs, such as elastic recoil, residual stenosis and flow-limiting dissection [].However, a considerable proportion of patients with PAD treated with stenting. Aboyans V, Ricco J-B, Bartelink M-LEL, et al. 2017 ESC Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Diseases, in collaboration with the European Society for Vascular Surgery (ESVS): Document covering atherosclerotic disease of extracranial carotid and vertebral, mesenteric, renal, upper and lower extremity arteries Endorsed. Lower-extremity arterial disease (LEAD) is a major endemic disease with an alarming increased prevalence worldwide. It is a common and severe condition with excess risk of major cardiovascular events and death. It also leads to a high rate of lower-limb adverse events and non-traumatic amputation. The American Diabetes Association recommends a widespread medical history and clinical.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a narrowing of the blood vessels that bring blood to the legs and feet. It can occur when cholesterol and other fatty material ( atherosclerotic plaque) build-up on the walls of your arteries. PAD is mostly seen in people above 65 years of age. Diabetes, smoking, and high blood pressure increase the risk for PAD The diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease is diagnosed by determining the ankle brachial index (ABI). This is the ratio of the Doppler-determined systolic ankle pressure over the systolic brachial pressure. An ABI less than 0.9 has a sensitivity of 95% and a specificity of 100% in detecting peripheral arterial disease

The goals of treating claudication and peripheral artery disease are to reduce pain and manage the risk factors that contribute to vascular disease. Exercise. Exercise reduces pain, increases exercise duration, improves vascular health in the affected limbs, and contributes to weight management and an overall improvement in your quality of life Peripheral Arterial Disease ACE Inhibition and Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk Patients Slide 26 ACC/AHA 2005 Guidelines Risk Factor Management in PAD Recommendations for Smoking Cessation Effect of Antiplatelet Therapy on Cardiovascular Events in PAD Effect of Aspirin vs Other Antiplatelet Agents in Reducing Vascular Events in Patients.

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral Vascular Disease Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) Includes disorders that alter natural flow of blood through the arteries & veins outside the brain & heart- peripheral circulation 10 Million Americans 50% Asymptomatic 1 in 3 Diabetics over age 50 Biblical Times- King Asa 867-906 B Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the legs or lower extremities is the narrowing or blockage of the vessels that carry blood from the heart to the legs. It is primarily caused by the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries, which is called atherosclerosis. PAD can happen in any blood vessel, but it is more common in the legs than the arms ### Learning objectives Peripheral artery disease (PAD) typically refers to atherosclerotic narrowing and/or occlusion of all arterial disease other than coronary arteries and the aorta (carotid and vertebral arteries, coeliac and mesenteric arteries, renal arteries and upper and lower limb arteries) (figure 1). As a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis, PAD is associated with greatly. Peripheral Vascular Disease Monday, 16 December 2013. Causes of Peripheral Arterial Diseases. Arterial Diseases: PPT 1: Causes of Peripheral Vascular Diseases. Posted by Unknown at 19:23 No comments: Email This BlogThis! Treatment Vacuum Compression Therapy Sequential Compression Therap

Peripheral arterial disease - Management Approach BMJ

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) affects over 8.5 million Americans and over 200 million people nationwide. The American Heart Association and the Anticoagulation Forum are joining forces to elevate awareness of PAD among patients and health care providers. Join Us In This Effort PAD guideline. Download the IWGDF Guideline on the diagnosis, prognosis and management of peripheral artery disease in patients with foot ulcers in diabetes below, and read about the working group members. Please refer to this document as: Hinchliffe et al. Guideline on diagnosis, prognosis and management of peripheral artery disease among. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the name of one specific disease, a condition that affects only arteries, and primarily the arteries of the legs. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a generic umbrella term that describes a large number of circulatory diseases. These diseases affect not only arteries but also veins and lymphatic vessels Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) nursing review that will cover peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral venous disease for the NCLEX exam.Periphera.. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) nursing review that covers peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and peripheral venous disease. As a nursing student or nurse, you must be familiar with peripheral vascular disease. This review will give you an easy to remember mnemonic to help you remember the difference between arterial and venous disease, nursing interventions, and treatment

Arterial disease: Lower extremity implication | LowerPPT - Oxygenation PowerPoint Presentation, free download

Azura Vascular Care is helping to educate those who may be at risk of peripheral arterial disease (PAD)—and if diagnosed, that early treatment for PAD matters. Peripheral artery disease affects nearly one in five Americans age 65 and older. If left untreated, complications from PAD can lead to stroke, heart attack or even death Atherosclerosis results in the accumulation of lipid and fibrous material between the layers of the arterial wall and causes disease of the coronary, cerebral, and peripheral arteries. Atherosclerotic disease often involves the arteries providing flow to the lower extremities, referred to as lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) has significant comorbidity with specific medical conditions, particularly those of cardiovascular nature like coronary artery disease (CAD), but there is another, equally serious disease that even increases the incidence of PAD and aggravates the existing one. We are talking about diabetes, which is a detrimental and complex disease on its own