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What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport?

A&P - Endocrine and Blood Flashcards Quizle

Hemoglobin is made up of the protein heme and the red pigment globin which of the following is true of the structure of an erythrocyte? erythrocytes are shaped like biconcave discs. What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport? hemoglobin. Which part of the hemoglobin molecule binds carbon dioxide for transport? amino acids of globin What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport? albumin. fibrinogen. hemoglobin. antibodies. hemoglobin. 39. True or False: Hemorrhagic anemias result from blood loss. True. 40. Where is thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) made? Select from letters A- What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport? back 46. hemoglobin. front 47. What triggers erythropoietin (EPO) production to make new red blood cells? back 47. reduced availability of oxygen. front 48. Which part of the hemoglobin molecule binds carbon dioxide for transport?

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Blood Flashcards - Cram

chapter 17: mastering homework Flashcards Quizle

Hemoglobin, or Hb, is a protein molecule found in red blood cells (erythrocytes) made of four subunits: two alpha subunits and two beta subunits. Each subunit surrounds a central heme group that contains iron and binds one oxygen molecule, allowing each hemoglobin molecule to bind four oxygen molecules Hemoglobin, or Hb, is a protein molecule found in red blood cells (erythrocytes) made of four subunits: two alpha subunits and two beta subunits (Figure 1). Each subunit surrounds a central heme group that contains iron and binds one oxygen molecule, allowing each hemoglobin molecule to bind four oxygen molecules The erythrocyte, commonly known as a red blood cell (or RBC), is by far the most common formed element: A single drop of blood contains millions of erythrocytes and just thousands of leukocytes.Specifically, males have about 5.4 million erythrocytes per microliter (µL) of blood, and females have approximately 4.8 million per µL.In fact, erythrocytes are estimated to make up about 25 percent. In Summary: Transport of Oxygen in the Blood. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells that is comprised of two alpha and two beta subunits that surround an iron-containing heme group. Oxygen readily binds this heme group. The ability of oxygen to bind increases as more oxygen molecules are bound to heme Internal respiration is gas exchange that occurs at the level of body tissues ( Figure 22.4.3 ). Similar to external respiration, internal respiration also occurs as simple diffusion due to a partial pressure gradient. However, the partial pressure gradients are opposite of those present at the respiratory membrane

Red blood cells (RBCs), also referred to as red cells, red blood corpuscles (in humans or other animals not having nucleus in red blood cells), haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for red and kytos for hollow vessel, with -cyte translated as cell in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen. Erythrocytes contain a metalloprotein, hemoglobin, which serves to bind oxygen molecules to the erythrocyte (Figure 1). Heme is the portion of hemoglobin that contains iron, and it is heme that binds oxygen. One erythrocyte contains four iron ions, and because of this, each erythrocyte is capable of carrying up to four molecules of oxygen The majority of oxygen molecules are carried from the lungs to the body's tissues by a specialized transport system, which relies on the erythrocyte—the red blood cell. Erythrocytes contain a metalloprotein, hemoglobin, which serves to bind oxygen molecules to the erythrocyte (Figure 22.25) Hemoglobin, or Hb, is a protein molecule found in red blood cells (erythrocytes) made of four subunits: two alpha subunits and two beta subunits (Figure 20.19).Each subunit surrounds a central heme group that contains iron and binds one oxygen molecule, allowing each hemoglobin molecule to bind four oxygen molecules. Molecules with more oxygen bound to the heme groups are brighter red

Chapter 17 Flashcards Chegg

Blood - Blood - Red blood cells (erythrocytes): The red blood cells are highly specialized, well adapted for their primary function of transporting oxygen from the lungs to all of the body tissues. Red cells are approximately 7.8 μm (1 μm = 0.000039 inch) in diameter and have the form of biconcave disks, a shape that provides a large surface-to-volume ratio In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7-8 µm in size. In birds and non-avian reptiles, a nucleus is still maintained in red blood cells. The red coloring of blood comes from the iron-containing protein hemoglobin, illustrated in Figurea. The principle job. Hemoglobin, or haemoglobin (spelling differences) (from Greek αἷμα, haîma 'blood' + Latin globus 'ball, sphere' + -in) (/ ˈ h iː m ə ˌ ɡ l oʊ b ɪ n, ˈ h ɛ-,-m oʊ-/), abbreviated Hb or Hgb, is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of almost all vertebrates (the exception being the fish family Channichthyidae) as well as the. Exam 2 KEY - Zoology 250 Version A. Instructor: John Godwin, Fall 1998. Name (please print):___KEY_____ Sign your name in the space provided below if you would like your grade to be posted by the last five digits of your social security number (sign here, donât put your SS#) : _____. This exam has 8 pages. Please check that your copy is complet Explain why albumin is important to maintaining the plasma volume of the blood. o 60% of plasma protein found in blood o Major contributor to plasma osmotic pressure, the Erythrocytes (RBC) Transport respiratory Iron) Globin protein (CO2, amino acids) Name and describe three forms of hemoglobin. o What respiratory gas is associated.

ch 16 blood Flashcards Quizle

The trachea is a structure that allows passage of gases to and from the gas exchange units Transport O 2 and nutrients throughout the body Remove waste products found within the body Move blood systemically from the right side Hemoglobin buffers are found inside the erythrocytes. Protein buffers are found in the intracellular and. The respiratory membrane of the gas exchange surfaces consists of What is the name of the respiratory tract passageway that leads directly into each lung? larynx bronchiole oxygen is bound to hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells. Carbon dioxide diffuses from the alveoli into surrounding capillaries What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport? Hemoglobin. Trending Questions . How do you get 1000000 robux for free View Respiratory system concept check.docx from BIO 101 at Goodwin College. Blood and Respiratory System Concept Check What type of tissue is blood? Why is it considered to be this type of tissue

Yes, both fingernails and toenails are made of a protein called keratin, which is also the main protein found in human hair.The part of the nail that you can see is actually non-living tissue The red blood cells (erythrocytes) make up the vast majority of the cells present in the blood. Their principal function is the transport of oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and the transport of carbon dioxide from those tissues back to the lungs. This is due to the presence of haemoglobin, a protein that binds easily and reversibly with. It picks up oxygen in the capillaries of the lungs & releases it to tissue cells across other capillaries throughout the body. Three structural characteristics contribute to erythrocyte gas transport functions: -disc shape ideally suited for gas exchange as no point within is far from surface. -erythrocyte is over 97% hemoglobin (molec that.

The main job of red blood cells, or erythrocytes, is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues and carbon dioxide as a waste product, away from the tissues and back to the lungs. Hemoglobin (Hgb) is an important protein in the red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to all parts of our body the name of the protein in bone is protein of Bone. Sutures are a type of fibrous joint that only occur between bones of the skull, or cranial bones and allow only tiny amounts of movement

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The other class of glucose carrier proteins comprises the SGLT proteins. These proteins actively transport glucose in the gastrointestinal tract and renal tubules, but have not been identified in the placenta. Like respiratory gases, placental transport of glucose relies on a concentration gradient The protein inside (a) red blood cells that carries oxygen to cells and carbon dioxide to the lungs is (b) hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is made up of four symmetrical subunits and four heme groups. Iron associated with the heme binds oxygen. It is the iron in hemoglobin that gives blood its red color Respiratory System Questions 2. What are the primary functions of the respiratory system? 1. What keeps the trachea from collapsing? 3. What is the role of the respiratory mucosa/membrane? 4. What is the name of the area within the lungs that gas exchange takes place? 5. Describe inspiration and expiration? 6. In what form does oxygen travel in. Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein formed of two subunits (alpha and beta) that are found in red blood cells. The protein functions to pick up oxygen and distribute it throughout the body. Both the alpha and beta subunits need to be present for the acquisition of oxygen, as does an iron molecule Hemoglobin, iron-containing protein in the blood of many animals that transports oxygen to the tissues. Hemoglobin forms an unstable reversible bond with oxygen. In the oxygenated state, it is called oxyhemoglobin and is bright red; in the reduced state, it is purplish blue

Red blood cells, or erythrocytes (erythro- = red; -cyte = cell), are specialized cells that circulate through the body delivering oxygen to cells; they are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow. In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7-8 µm. What is the name of the substance that enables red blood cells to carry oxygen? Hemoglobin What is the name of the protein found in erythrocytes that allows for respiratory gas transport?

Transport of Gases. The other major activity in the lungs is the process of respiration, the process of gas exchange. The function of respiration is to provide oxygen for use by body cells during cellular respiration and to eliminate carbon dioxide, a waste product of cellular respiration, from the body. In order for the exchange of oxygen and. The vessel identified with a question mark is the _____. o radial artery This is the _____ pulse point. o Popliteal The majority of the arterial supply to the head and neck comes from the _____. o common carotid arteries The pulse that can be palpated on the side of the neck is the _____. o carotid pulse What is the largest. Each gas component of that mixture exerts a pressure. The pressure for an individual gas in the mixture is the partial pressure of that gas. Approximately 21 percent of atmospheric gas is oxygen. Carbon dioxide, however, is found in relatively small amounts, 0.04 percent. The partial pressure for oxygen is much greater than that of carbon dioxide Hemoglobin is the primary protein found in red blood cells, or erythrocytes. Oxygen that diffuses into the cells is called oxyhemoglobin . When the cells lose oxygen it is called deoxyhemoglobin

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Here, red blood cells serve the role of a specialized transport system of these gases to and from the lungs and other body tissues. * about 1.5 percent of oxygen dissolves in blood plasma. In the lungs, gas exchange occurs through a process known as diffusion. Here, gases move from the area of high concentration to a region of low concentration The Erythrocytes Or red blood cells Are cells that carry oxygen to all parts of the body. They are the most common type of blood cells; Absorb the oxygen in the lungs or gills of the fish and release it into the tissues. The erythrocyte cytoplasm is rich in hemoglobin, a biomolecule containing iron that can bind to oxygen and is responsible for the red color of cells Gas exchange is the process by which oxygen and carbon dioxide (the respiratory gases) move in opposite directions across an organism's respiratory membranes, between the air or water of the external environment and the body fluids of the internal environment. Oxygen is needed by cells to extract energy from organic molecules, such as sugars. The main portion is indeed transported via Hemoglobin. This complex molecule allows for swift ReDox-reactions by exchanging -COOH groups against two -OH-groups and vice versa. That way, the whole protein gets oxidized In the body and reduced in th..

Only 1.5 percent of oxygen in the blood is dissolved directly into the blood itself. Most oxygen—98.5 percent—is bound to a protein called hemoglobin and carried to the tissues. Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin, or Hb, is a protein molecule found in red blood cells (erythrocytes) made of four subunits: two alpha subunits and two beta subunits (Figure. 20 seconds. Q. what is mechanical digestion. answer choices. breaks down large food particles into smaller food particles that can be taken in by cells. breaks down large food particles into smaller food particles that can be taken in by cells. uses mouth esophagus and stomach to break down food by chewing and mashing In the tissues, oxygen is released from the blood and carbon dioxide is bound for transport back to the lungs. Studies have found that hemoglobin also binds nitrous oxide (NO). NO is a vasodilator that relaxes the blood vessels and capillaries and may help with gas exchange and the passage of red blood cells through narrow vessels

  1. The heart, as discussed in the previous chapter, pumps blood throughout the body in a network of blood vessels. Together, these three components—blood, heart, and vessels—makes up the cardiovascular system. Virtually every cell, tissue, organ, and system in the body is impacted by the circulatory system. This includes the generalized and.
  2. A molecule of hemoglobin is composed of four polypeptide chains (two pairs of similar chains), each surrounding a heme group. The heme group contains an iron atom and is the site of oxygen binding. When saturated, each hemoglobin molecule can carry four oxygen molecules (eight oxygen atoms). Blood cells cont
  3. Term Paper # 1. Definition of Blood: Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells — such as nutrients and oxygen — and transports waste products away from those same cells. Normally, 7-8% of human body weight is from blood. In adults, this amounts to 4-5 quarts of blood
  4. The blood transports oxygen from the lungs to the cells of the body, where it is needed for metabolism. The carbon dioxide produced during metabolism is carried back to the lungs by the blood, where it is then exhaled (breathed out). Blood also provides the cells with nutrients, transports hormones and removes waste products, which organs such.
  5. states that the amount of gas that will dissolve in a liquid is proportional to the partial pressure of that gas and its solubility. when pH decreases, O2 saturation of hemoglobin decreases. each gas in a mixture of gases exerts its own partial pressure. sets basic rhythm of breathing. includes the pontine respiratory group. 6
  6. Hemoglobin of blood is a respiratory pigment of fishes and other vertebrates found in the red blood cells (R.B.C). In as much as O 2 taken up from the gill by blood and transported over the body is known as loading blood and when blood returns into gill with a lower density of O 2 is known as unloading blood
  7. Red blood cells and white blood cells are very different and perform vastly different functions. Red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes transport oxygen from the lungs to respiring tissues and as such are adapted to this specific function. Wi..

Red blood cells, or erythrocytes (erythro- = red; -cyte = cell), are specialized cells that circulate through the body delivering oxygen to cells; they are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow. In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7-8 µm in size Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers answer choices. The respiratory system is the system that helps circulate our blood . The respiratory system is the system that takes in oxygen and takes the unneeded particles and creates carbon dioxide. The respiratory system is a system that is similar to the circulatory system

Red blood cells transport oxygen Every second, 2-3 million RBCs are produced in the bone marrow and released into the circulation. Also known as erythrocytes, RBCs are the most common type of cell found in the blood, with each cubic millimeter of blood containing 4-6 million cells Red Blood Cells. Red blood cells, or erythrocytes (erythro- = red; -cyte = cell), are specialized cells that circulate through the body delivering oxygen to cells; they are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow.In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7-8 µm in size

Erythrocytes - Histology, Structure, Function, Life Cycle

  1. Red Blood Cells. Red blood cells, or erythrocytes (erythro- = red; -cyte = cell), are specialized cells that circulate through the body delivering oxygen to cells; they are formed from stem cells in the bone marrow. In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7-8 µm in size
  2. Hemoglobin is a metal-containing-protein It's found in red blood cells. It binds to oxygen: this is what allows blood to hold O2 It binds to CO 2: this carries 20% of the body's CO 2 The rest of the body's CO 2 is carried in the bloodstream plasma, not by the RBCs. WBCs (white blood cells) part of our immune system
  3. Exam 2 - Zoology 250 Version A. Instructor: John Godwin, Fall 1998. Name (please print):_____ Sign your name in the space provided below if you would like your grade to be posted by the last five digits of your social security number (sign here, donít put your SS#) : _____. This exam has 8 pages. Please check that your copy is complet
  4. Blood is the medium for the transport of oxygen from the respiratory organ to the different tissues and carbon dioxide from tissues to the respiratory organs. 97% of the oxygen is transported from the lungs to the tissues in combination with haemoglobin (Hb + O 2 — HbO 2), oxyhaemoglobin and 3% is transported in dissolved condition by the plasma
  5. Carbonic anhydrase. The carbonic anhydrases (or carbonate dehydratases) form a family of enzymes that catalyze the interconversion between carbon dioxide and water and the dissociated ions of carbonic acid (i.e. bicarbonate and hydrogen ions ). The active site of most carbonic anhydrases contains a zinc ion

When we talk about gas transportation it's important we begin by stating that 98% of transportation is O2 combined with haemoglobin in the red blood cells and the other 2% is found in blood plasma. Let's learn some chemistry! Each molecule of haemoglobin carries four molecules of O2. Therefore the more haemoglobin you have the The major blood types (A, B, AB, and O) are determined by the protein markers (antigens) present on the surface of red blood cells. Coombs test : A blood test looking for antibodies that could. • Transport of Respiratory Gases • Carbon dioxide enters red blood cells in the tissue capillaries where it combines with water to form carbonic acid (H 2CO 3). - This reaction is catalyzed by the enzyme carbonic anhydrase (C.A.), which is found in the red blood cells

In mammals, red blood cells are small biconcave cells that at maturity do not contain a nucleus or mitochondria and are only 7â€8 µm in size. In birds and non-avian reptiles, a nucleus is still maintained in red blood cells. The red coloring of blood comes from the iron-containing protein hemoglobin Channel protein Protein has a small tunnel through the center Allows ions passage through cell membrane; highly specific Carrier protein Protein is shaped to grasp substance and shuttle it across Transports molecules across membrane (e.g. glucose, amino acids, etc) Receptor protein Protein has a small binding site tha Membrane Proteins. The lipid bilayer forms the basis of the cell membrane, but it is peppered throughout with various proteins. Two different types of proteins that are commonly associated with the cell membrane are the integral proteins and peripheral protein ().As its name suggests, an integral protein is a protein that is embedded in the membrane. A channel protein is an example of an. A deficiency of PK in the red blood cells, results in a reduction of cellular ATP and an increase in PEP and other products of the metabolic process preceding the PK step. If the deficiency is severe, a hemolytic anemia results. The testing method employs a kinetic enzyme assay. > Genetic testing for hemolytic anemia

Ch 17 Blood Flashcards Chegg

Oxygen (O2) competitively and reversibly binds to hemoglobin, with certain changes within the environment altering the affinity in which this relationship occurs. The sigmoidal shape of the oxygen dissociation curve illustrates hemoglobin's propensity for positive cooperativity, as hemoglobin undergoes conformational changes to increase its affinity for oxygen as molecules progressively bind. Introduction. The primary role of red blood cells is the transport of respiratory gasses. In the lung, oxygen (O 2) diffuses across the alveolar barrier from inspired air into blood, where the majority is bound by hemoglobin (Hb) to form oxy-Hb, a process called oxygenation.Hb is contained in the red blood cells, which, being circulated by the cardiovascular system, deliver O 2 to the. In the blood, oxygen is bound to hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells. As oxygen diffuses from the lungs into capillaries, blood becomes deoxygenated. Carbon dioxide diffuses from the alveoli into surrounding capillaries , respiratory protein found in the red blood cells (erythrocytes) of all vertebrates and some invertebrates. A hemoglobin molecule is composed of a protein group, known as globin, and four heme groups, each associated with an iron atom..... Click the link for more information. and other gas transport proteins; ovalbumin, casein casei

Loose connective tissue is found between many organs where it acts both to absorb shock and bind tissues together. It allows water, salts, and various nutrients to diffuse through to adjacent or imbedded cells and tissues. Adipose tissue consists mostly of fat storage cells, with little extracellular matrix (Figure 4.3.2). A large number of. The V-series is the second family of nerve agents and contains five well known members: VE, VG, VM, VR, and VX, along with several more obscure analogues.. The most studied agent in this family, VX, was invented in the 1950s at Porton Down in the United Kingdom. Ranajit Ghosh, a chemist at the Plant Protection Laboratories of Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) was investigating a class of. Hemoglobin is an iron-containing protein in the red blood cells that is responsible for the transport of oxygen from the respiratory organs (i.e. lungs) to the rest of the body (i.e. the tissues). Unlike myoglobin which consists of a single polypeptide chain, hemoglobin consists of 4 polypeptide chains

22.5 Transport of Gases - Anatomy & Physiolog

Transport of Gases in Human Bodily Fluids Boundless Biolog

100 centigrams equals 1 gram. Kilogram (kg) and grams (g) 1 Kilogram equals 1,000 grams. Metric tons (t) and kilograms (kg) 1 Metric ton equals 1,000 kilograms. What organ functions as both the implantation site of a fertilized ovum and the pathway for sperm to reach the uterine tubes? Uterus The Red Blood Cells (RBC) The red blood cells, also known as erythrocytes, carry oxygen to the cells. After transporting oxygen to the cells, red blood cells collect the waste gas (carbon dioxide, the by-product of cellular respiration) and transport it back to the lungs, where carbon dioxide is expelled from the body as we exhale A continuous supply of oxygen is essential for the survival of multicellular organisms. The understanding of how this supply is regulated in the microvasculature has evolved from viewing erythrocytes (red blood cells [RBCs]) as passive carriers of oxygen to recognizing the complex interplay between Hb (hemoglobin) and oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nitric oxide—the three-gas respiratory cycle.

1.2 THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM. Concept of circulatory. The circulatory system is an organ system that permits blood and lymph circulation to transport nutrients, oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, blood cells, etc. to and from cells in the body. The circulatory system in human and animals consists of blood, blood vessels and heart The circulatory system is the body's transport system. It is made up of a group of organs that transport blood throughout the body. The heart pumps the blood and the arteries and veins transport it. Oxygen-rich blood leaves the left side of the heart and enters the biggest artery, called the aorta.The aorta branches into smaller arteries, which then branch into even smaller vessels that travel. Red blood cells (erythrocytes) are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lungs throughout the circulatory system. The oxygen is carried by a protein part of the blood known as hemoglobin. Red blood cells have a flexible membrane that allows them to squeeze through the very smallest blood vessel. Red blood cells do not repair themselves

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The transition from rest to exercise requires quite remarkable adjustments in the cardiovascular system to meet the needs of the heart, respiratory muscles, and active skeletal muscles and to dissipate heat via cutaneous vasodilation [3, 92, 100, 120, 122, 172, 210, 230, 231, 258, 284, 292, 293, 400, 463, 538, 545, 552, 565, 657, 676, 682, 693]. The changes include large increases in heart. The leukocyte, commonly known as a white blood cell (or WBC), is a major component of the body's defenses against disease.Leukocytes protect the body against invading microorganisms and body cells with mutated DNA, and they clean up debris. Platelets are essential for the repair of blood vessels when damage to them has occurred; they also provide growth factors for healing and repair

This allows more CO 2 to be dissolved in the periphery while it is released into the gas phase at the alveoli where the partial pressures are lower. Clinical Relevance - Metabolic Acidosis Acidosis occurs when the pH of the blood falls below 7.35 and can be broadly classified into metabolic and respiratory acidosis Continuous: These capillaries have no perforations and allow only small molecules to pass through.They are present in muscle, skin, fat, and nerve tissue. Fenestrated: These capillaries have small pores that allow small molecules through and are located in the intestines, kidneys, and endocrine glands.; Sinusoidal or discontinuous: These capillaries have large open pores—large enough to. Transport of Carbon Dioxide in the Blood. Carbon dioxide molecules are transported in the blood from body tissues to the lungs by one of three methods: dissolution directly into the blood, binding to hemoglobin, or carried as a bicarbonate ion. Several properties of carbon dioxide in the blood affect its transport. First, carbon dioxide is more soluble in blood than oxygen

Transport of Gases in Human Bodily Fluids Biology for

A combination of the three systems is significant for the cells found in the body. In conclusion, the cardiovascular, respiratory and gastrointestinal systems work in synergy to provide the cells with energy for their normal function. The cardiovascular system transports oxygen provided by the respiratory system through respiration, glucose. The advantage of nucleated red blood cells is that these cells can undergo mitosis. Anucleated red blood cells metabolize anaerobically (without oxygen), making use of a primitive metabolic pathway to produce ATP and increase the efficiency of oxygen transport. Not all organisms use hemoglobin as the method of oxygen transport dissolved nutrients, sugars, and proteins. Floating in the plasma are red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Red blood cells About 45 percent of your blood is made of red blood cells. Red blood cells transport oxygen to your cells. Red blood cells are red because of a pigment called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin grab